Roelofs K. (2017). Freeze for action: neurobiological mechanisms in animal and human freezing. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B. pdf.

Kalisch, Baker, Basten, Boks, Bonanno, Brummelman, Chmitorz, Fernàndez, Fiebach, Galatzer-Levy, Geuze, Groppa, Helmreich, Hendler, Hermans, Jovanovic, Kubiak, Lieb, Lutz, Müller, Murray, Nievergelt, Reif, Roelofs, Rutten, Sander, Schick, Tüscher, Van Diest, van Harmelen, Veer, Vermetten, Vinkers, Wager, Walter, Wessa Wibral, Kleim, International Resilience Allliance (intresa). In Press. The resilience framework as a strategy to combat stress-related disorders. Nature human Behavior.

Mulckhuyse, M, Engelmann JB, Schutter D, Roelofs K (in Press). Right posterior parietal cortex is involved in disengaging from threat: a 1 Hz rTMS study. SCAN.

Niermann, H. C., Figner, B., Tyborowska, A., van Peer, J. M., Cillessen, A. H., & Roelofs, K. (2017). Defensive freezing links Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal-axis activity and internalizing symptoms in humans. Psychoneuroendocrinology. pdf

van der Schaaf, M.E., de Lange, F.P., Schmits, I.C., Geurts. D.E., Roelofs, K. van der Meer, J.W., Toni, I., Knoop, H. (2017). Prefrontal Structure Varies as a Function of Pain Symptoms in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. Biol Psychiatry. pdf.

Hartogsveld B, Bramson B, Vijayakumar SH, van Campen AD, Marques JP, Roelofs K, Toni I, Bekkering H, Mars R. In Press. Lateral frontal pole and relational processing: Activation patterns and connectivity profile. Behavioural Brain Research. pdf.

Bas-Hoogendam, van Steenbergen, Pannekoek, Fouche, Lochner, Hattingh, Cremers, Furmark, Månsson, Frick, Engman, Boraxbekk, Carlbring, Andersson, Fredrikson, Straube, Peterburs, Klumpp, Phan, Roelofs, Veltman, van Tol, Stein, van der Wee. In Press. Voxel-Based Morphometry Multi-Center Mega-Analysis of Brain Structure in Social Anxiety Disorder. Neuroimage, Clinical. 

Radke, S., Volman, I., Kokal, I., Roelofs, K., de Bruijn, E. R., & Toni, I. (2017). Oxytocin reduces amygdala responses during threat approach. Psychoneuroendocrinology. pdf.

van Peer, J. M., Enter, D., van Steenbergen, H., Spinhoven, P., & Roelofs, K. (2017). Exogenous Testosterone Affects Early Threat Processing in Socially Anxious and Healthy Women. Biological Psychology. pdf.

Niermann, H.C.M., Figner, B., & Roelofs, K. (2017). Individual differences in defensive stress-responses: The potential relevance for psychopathology. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences. pdf.

De Boer, Stolk, A, Toni M, Blokpoel M, Roelofs K, Kokal I, van Rooij I, Lui R. Oxytocin modulates human communication by enhancing cognitive exploration. Psychoneuroendocrinology

Bertsch K, Roelofs K, Roch P, Ma B, Hensel S, Herpertz S, Volman I (in press). Neural Correlates of Emotional Action Control in Anger-Prone Women with Borderline Personality Disorder. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience 

Fragkaki, I., Roelofs, K., Stins, J., Jongedijk, R. A., & Hagenaars, M. A. (2017). Reduced freezing in PTSD patients while watching affective pictures. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 8, 39. pdf.

Wit, A. E., Bosker, F. J., Giltay, E. J., Kloet, C. S., Roelofs, K., Pelt, J., … & Schoevers, R. A. (2017). Testosterone in human studies: Modest associations between plasma and salivary measurements. Andrologia. pdf.

Davis, M. L., Papini, S., Rosenfield, D., Roelofs, K., Kolb, S., Powers, M. B., & Smits, J. A. J. (in press). A randomized controlled study of power posing before public speaking exposure for social anxiety disorder: No evidence for augmentative effects. Journal of Anxiety Disorders.


Tyborowska, A., Volman, I., Smeekens, S., Toni, I., & Roelofs, K. (2016). Testosterone during Puberty Shifts Emotional Control from Pulvinar to Anterior Prefrontal Cortex. The Journal of Neuroscience, 36(23), 6156-6164. pdf.

Volman, I., von Borries, A. K. L., Bulten, B. H., Verkes, R. J., Toni, I., & Roelofs, K. (2016). Testosterone modulates altered prefrontal control of emotional actions in psychopathic offenders. eneuro, 3(1), ENEURO-0107. pdf.

Ly, V., Bergmann, T. O., Gladwin, T. E., Volman, I., Usberti, N., Cools, R., & Roelofs, K. (2016). Reduced Affective Biasing of Instrumental Action With tDCS Over the Prefrontal Cortex. Brain stimulation, 9(3), 380-387. pdf.

Ly, V., von Borries, A. K., Brazil, I. A., Bulten, B. H., Cools, R., & Roelofs, K. (2016). Reduced Transfer of Affective Value to Instrumental Behavior in Violent Offenders. Journal of abnormal psychology. pdf.

Fragkaki, I., Stins, J., Roelofs, K., Jongedijk, R. A., & Hagenaars, M. A. (2016). Tonic immobility differentiates stress responses in PTSD. Brain and Behavior, 6(11). pdf.

Cremers, H. R., & Roelofs, K. (2016). Social anxiety disorder: a critical overview of neurocognitive research. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science. pdf.

Kaldewaij, R., Koch, S. B., Volman, I., Toni, I., & Roelofs, K. (2016). On the Control of Social Approach–Avoidance Behavior: Neural and Endocrine Mechanisms. pdf.

Gladwin, T. E., Hashemi, M. M., van Ast, V., & Roelofs, K. (2016). Ready and waiting: Freezing as active action preparation under threat. Neuroscience letters, 619, 182-188. pdf.

Enter, D., Spinhoven, P., & Roelofs, K. (2016). Dare to Approach Single Dose Testosterone Administration Promotes Threat Approach in Patients With Social Anxiety Disorder. Clinical Psychological Science, 2167702616631499. pdf.

Dierolf, A. M., Arlt, L. E., Roelofs, K., Kölsch, M., Hülsemann, M. J., Schächinger, H., & Naumann, E. (2016). Effects of basal and acute cortisol on cognitive flexibility in an emotional task switching paradigm in men. Hormones and behavior, 81, 12-19. pdf.

Roelofs, K., & Pasman, J. (2016). Stress, childhood trauma, and cognitive functions in functional neurologic disorders. Handbook of clinical neurology, 139, 139.


Radke, S., Volman, I., Mehta, P.H., van Son, V., Enter, D., Sanfey, A., Toni, I., de Bruijn, E. R. A., & Roloefs, K. (2015). Testosterone biases the amygdala towards social threat approach. Science Advances, 1 (5), art. nr.-e1400074.

Enter, D., Terburg, D., Harrewijn, A., Spinhoven, P., Roleofs, K. (2015). Single dose testosterone administration alleviates gaze avoidance in women with Social Anxiety Disorder. Psychoneuroendocrinology 63: 26-33.

Mehta PH, van Son V, Welker KM, Prasad S, Sanfey AG, Smidts A, Roelofs K. (2015) Exogenous testosterone in women enhances and inhibits competitive decision-making depending on victory-defeat experience and trait dominance. Psychoneuroendocrinology 60:224-36.

Cremers, H. R., Veer, I. M., Spinhoven, P., Rombouts, S. A. R. B., Yarkoni, T., Wager, T. D., & Roelofs, K. (2015). Altered cortical-amygdala coupling in social anxiety disorder during the anticipation of giving a public speech. Psychological medicine, 45(07), 1521-1529.

Lojowska, M., Gladwin, T. E., Hermans, E. J., & Roelofs, K. (2015). Freezing promotes perception of coarse visual features. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 144(6), 1080.

Roelofs, K. & Cremers, H.R. (2015). Cortical-amygdala Decoupling during Stress in Patients with Social Anxiety Disorder. Biological Psychiatry, 77 (9), 298S.

Niermann, H., Figner, B., Tyborowska, A., Cillessen, A., Roelofs, K. (2015). Effects of stress on bodily freezing in adolescents. Psychoneuroendocrinology 61 pp. 44

Cremers, H.R., Veer, I.M., Spinhoven, P., Rombouts, S.A.R.B. & Roelofs, K. (2015). Neural sensitivity to social reward and punishment anticipation in social anxiety disorder. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 8.

Smeets-Janssen M., Roelofs K., van Pelt J., Spinhoven P., Zitman F.G., Penninx B., Giltay E. (2015). Salivary testosterone is consistently and positively associated with extraversion: results from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety. Neuropsychobiology 71:76-84.

Stins JF, Kempe CL, Hagenaars MA, Beek PJ, Roelofs K. (2015) Attention and postural control in patients with conversion paresis. J Psychosom Res 78(3):249-54.

Niermann HC, Ly V, Smeekens S, Figner B, Riksen-Walraven JM, Roelofs K. (2015) Infant attachment predicts bodily freezing in adolescence: evidence from a prospective longitudinal study. Front Behav Neurosci 9:263.

van Der Schaaf ME, Schmits IC, Roerink M, Geurts DE, Toni I, Roelofs K, De Lange FP, Nater UM, van der Meer JW, Knoop H. (2015). Investigating neural mechanisms of change of cognitive behavioural therapy for chronic fatigue syndrome: a randomized controlled trial. BMC Psychiatry 15:144.

van Duijvenvoorde, A. C., Huizenga, H. M., Somerville, L. H., Delgado, M. R., Powers, A., Weeda, W. D.,Casey, B.J., Weber, E.U., & Figner, B.. (2015). Neural correlates of expected risks and returns in risky choice across development. The Journal of Neuroscience, 35(4), 1549-1560.

Decker, J. H., Figner, B., & Steinglass, J. E. (2015). On weight and waiting: delay discounting in anorexia nervosa pretreatment and posttreatment.Biological psychiatry, 78(9), 606-614.

Kleine, R. de, Roelofs, K., & Minnen, van A. (2015). Conversiestoornis (functioneel-neurologisch-symptoomstoornis). In Franken, I., Muris, P., & Denys, D. (Red.), Psychopathologie. Oorzaken, diagnostiek en behandeling (pp. 479-490), 2de druk Editie DSM-5. Utrecht: De Tijdstroom Uitgeverij.


Hagenaars, M. A., Oitzl, M., & Roelofs, K. (2014). Updating freeze: aligning animal and human research. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 47, 165-176.

Ly V., Hyus Q.J., Stins, J.F., Roelofs, K. Cools R. (2014). Individual differences in bodily freezing predict emotional biases in decision making. Front Behav Neurosci 3;8:237.

Enter D, Spinhoven P, Roelofs K. (2014). Alleviating social avoidance: Effects of single dose testosterone administration on approach-avoidance action. Horm Behav 65(4):351-4.

Defoe, I. N., Dubas, J. S., Figner, B., & van Aken, M. A. (2015). A meta-analysis on age differences in risky decision making: Adolescents versus children and adults. Psychological bulletin, 141(1), 48.

Brown EC, Tas C, Kuzu D, Esen-Danaci A, Roelofs K, Brüne M. (2014). Social approach and avoidance behaviour for negative emotions is modulated by endogenous oxytocin and paranoia in schizophrenia. Psychiatry Res 219(3):436-42.

Stins JF, Lobel A, Roelofs K, Beek PJ. (2014). Social embodiment in directional stepping behavior. Cogn Process 15(3):245-52.

Hagenaars MA, Roelofs K, Stins JF. (2014). Human freezing in response to affective films. Anxiety Stress Coping 27(1):27-37.


Volman I, Verhagen L, den Ouden HE, Fernández G, Rijpkema M, Franke B, Toni I, Roelofs K. (2013). Reduced serotonin transporter availability decreases prefrontalcontrol of the amygdala. J Neurosci 33(21):8974-9.

Ly V, Cools R, Roelofs K. (2013). Aversive disinhibition of behavior and striatal signaling in social avoidance. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 9(10):1530-6.

Boksem MA, Mehta PH, Van den Bergh B, van Son V, Trautmann ST, Roelofs K, Smidts A, Sanfey AG. (2013). Testosterone inhibits trust but promotes reciprocity. Psychol Sci 24(11):2306-14.

Radke S, Roelofs K, de Bruijn ER. (2013). Acting on anger: social anxiety modulates approach-avoidance tendencies after oxytocin administration. Psychol Sci 24(8):1573-8.

Fouche JP, van Der Wee NJ, Roelofs K, Stein DJ. (2013). Recent advances in the brain imaging of social anxiety disorder. Hum Psychopharmacol 28(1):102-5.

Kret ME, Roelofs K, Stekelenburg JJ, de Gelder B. (2013). Emotional signals from faces, bodies and scenes influence observers’ face expressions, fixations and pupil-size. Front Hum Neurosci 18;7:810.

Demenescu LR, Kortekaas R, Cremers HR, Renken RJ, van Tol MJ, van der Wee NJ, Veltman DJ, den Boer JA, Roelofs K, Aleman A. (2013). Amygdala activation and its functional connectivity during perception of emotional faces in social phobia and panic disorder. J Psychiatr Res 47(8):1024-31.

Kret ME, Stekelenburg JJ, Roelofs K, de Gelder B. (2013). Perception of face and body expressions using electromyography, pupillometry and gaze measures. Front Psychol. 8;4:28.

Fouche, J. P., Van der Wee, N. J. A., Roelofs, K., & Stein, D. J. (2013). Recent advances in the brain imaging of social anxiety disorder. Hum Psychopharmacol 28(1):102-5.

Van Strien, T., Roelofs. K., & De Weerth, C. (2013) Cortisol reactivity and distress-induced emotional eating. Psychoneuroendocrinology 38(5):677-84

Beilen. M., Roelofs, K. (2013). Conversie: een stoornis in de cognitieve aansturing. In: Eling, Aleman Krabbedam. Cognitieve Neuropsychiatrie. Een Procesbenadering van Symptomen. Boom. Amsterdam p. 219-235 (chapter).


Hermans, E. J., Henckens, M. J., Roelofs, K., & Fernández, G. (2012). Fear bradycardia and activation of the human periaqueductal grey. Neuroimage 66: 278-287.

Enter, D. E., Colzato, L. S., & Roelofs, K. (2012). Dopamine transporter polymorphisms affect social approach-avoidance tendencies. Genes, Brain and Behavior 11: 671-676.

Giltay, E. J., Enter, D., Zitman, F. G., Penninx, B. W. J. H., Van Pelt, J., Spinhoven, P., Roelofs, K. (2012). Salivary testosterone: Associations with depression, anxiety disorders, and antidepressant use in a large cohort study. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 72, 205-213.

Hagenaars MA, Stins JF, Roelofs K. (2012). Aversive life events enhance human freezing responses. Journal of Experimental Psychology 141(1):98-105.

Von Borries, A. K. L., Volman, I., De Bruijn, E. R. A., Bulten, B. H., Verkes, R. J., & Roelofs, K. (2012). Psychopaths lack the automatic avoidance of social threat: Relation to instrumental aggression. Psychiatry Res 200(2-3):761-6.

Kleine R., Roelofs, K., van Minnen A. (2012). Conversiestoornis. In: Franken I, Muris, P., Denys, D. Basisboek Psychopathologie. De Tijdstroom, Utrecht, p473-484. (chapter)


Spinhoven P, Elzinga BM, Hovens JG, Roelofs K, van Oppen P, Zitman FG, Penninx BW. (2011).Positive and negative life events and personality traits in predicting courseof depression and anxiety. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 124(6):462-73.

Volman, I., Toni, I., Verhagen, L., & Roelofs, K. (2011). Endogenous testosterone modulates prefrontal-amygdala connectivity during social emotional behavior. Cerebral Cortex 21(10):2282-90.

Cremers, H., Van Tol, M., Roelofs, K., Aleman, A., Zitman, F. G., Van Buchem, M. A., Veltman, D. J., & Van der Wee, N. J. A. (2011). Extraversion is linked to volume of the orbitofrontal cortex and amygdala. PloS ONE 6(12):e2842.

Bakvis, P., & Roelofs, K. (2011). Basal cortisol and threat vigilance in patients with psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures (PNES). In: Hallett et al, Psychogenic Movement Disorders and Other Conversion Disorders, pp. 187-188. Cambridge University Press. (Chapter).

Volman, I. , Roelofs, K., Koch, S., Verhagen, L., & Toni. I (2011). Inhibition of anterior prefrontal cortex impairs control over social emotional actions. Current Biology 21(20):1766-70.

Spinhoven, P., Elzinga, B. M., Hovens, J. G. F. M., Roelofs, K., Van Oppen, P., Zitman, F. G., Penninx, B. W. J. H. (2011). The interrelationship of personality dimensions and life events in predicting the two-year course of depressive and anxiety disorders. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica

Hagenaars, M. A., Stins, J., & Roelofs, K. (2011). Prior aversive life events enhance human freezing responses. J Exp Psychol Gen. 141(1):98-105.

Bakvis, P., Spinhoven, Ph., & Roelofs, K. (2011). Automatic Avoidance Tendencies in Patients with Psychogenic Non Epileptic Seizures. Seizure, 20, 628-634.

Stins, J.F., Roelofs, K., Villan, J., Kooijman, K., Hagenaars, M.A., & Beek, P.J. (2011). Walk to me when I smile, step back when I’m angry: Emotional faces modulate whole-body approach-avoidance behaviors. Experimental Brain Research, 212, 603-611.

Spinhoven, Ph, Elzinga, B., Roelofs, K., Hovens, J., Oppen, P., Zitman, F., & Penninx, B. (2011). The effects of neuroticism, extraversion, and positive and negative life events on a one-year course of depressive symptoms in euthymic previously depressed patients versus healthy controls. Journal of nervous and Mental Disease, 199, 684-689.

Putman, P. & Roelofs. K. (2011). Effects of single cortisol administrations on human affect reviewed: Coping with stress through adaptive regulation of automatic cognitive processing. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 36, 439-448. (Invited expert review)

Spinhoven, P., Roelofs, K., Hovens, J. G., Elzinga, B. M., Van Oppen, P., Zitman, F. G., & Penninx, B. W. (2011). Personality, life events and the course of anxiety and depression. European Journal of Personality, 25, 443-452.

Roelofs, K., Toni, I., & De Lange, F. (2011). Action control in conversion paralysis: evidence from motor imagery. In: Hallett et al, Psychogenic Movement Disorders and Other Conversion Disorders, pp. 160-167. Cambridge University Press. (chapter).


Bakvis, P., Spinhoven, P., Putman, P., Zitman, F.G., & Roelofs. K. (2010). The effect of stress induction on working memory in patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures. Epilepsy & Behavior,19, 448-454.

Roelofs, K., Hagenaar, M., & Stins, J. (2010). Facing Freeze: Social threat induces bodily freeze in humans. Psychological Science, 21(11): 1575-81.

Van Peer, J., Rotteveel, M., Spinhoven, P., Tollenaar, M., & Roelofs, K. (2010). Affect-congruent approach and withdrawal movements of happy and angry faces facilitate affective categorization. Cognition and Emotion, 24, 863 – 875.

Spinhoven, P., Elzinga, B. M., Hovens, J. G. F. M., Roelofs, K., Zitman, F. G., Van Oppen, P., & Penninx, B. W. J. H. (2010). The specificity of childhood adversities and negative life events across the life span to anxiety and depressive disorders. Journal of Affective Disorders ,126(1-2):103-112.

Roelofs, K., & Spinhoven, P. (2010). Conversion disorder . In: Weiner, I. B. & Graighead, W. E. (Eds.), The Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology (4th edition), pp. 407-410. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (Chapter)

Roelofs, K. & Putman, P. & Schouten, S. & Lange, W.G. & Volman, I.A.C. & Rinck, M. (2010). Gaze direction differentially affects avoidance tendencies to happy and angry faces in socially anxious individuals. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 48, pp. 290-294.

De Lange, F.P., & Toni, I., & Roelofs, K. (2010). Altered connectivity between prefrontal and sensorimotor cortex in conversion paralysis. Neuropsychologia, 48, pp. 1782-1788.

Bakvis, P. & Spinhoven, P. & Giltay, E.J. & Kuyk, J. & Edelbroek, P.M. & Zitman, F.G. & Roelofs, K. (2010). Basal hypercortisolism and trauma in patients with Psychogenic Non Epileptic Seizures. Epilepsia, 51 (5), pp. 752-759.

Cremers, H.R. & Aleman, A. & Demenscu, L. & Renken, R. & Tol, M., van & Wee, N.J.A., van der & Veltman, D.J. & Roelofs, K. (2010).Neuroticism modulates amygdala – medial prefrontal connectivity in response to negative emotional faces. Neuroimage, 49, pp. 963-970.

Van Peer, Spinhoven, P. & Roelofs, K. (2010).Psychophysiological evidence for cortisol-induced reduction in early bias for implicit social threat in social phobia. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 35, pp. 21-32.

Elzinga, B.M. & Spinhoven, P. & Berretty, E.W. & Jong, P., de & Roelofs, K. (2010). The role of childhood abuse in HPS-axis reactivity in Social Anxiety Disorder: A pilot study. Biological Psychology, 83, pp. 1-6.


Bakvis, P. & Spinhoven, P. & Roelofs, K. (2009). Basal cortisol is positively correlated to threat vigilance in patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures. Epilepsy & Behavior, 16, pp. 558-560.

Peer, J.M., van & Spinhoven, P. & Dijk, J.G., van & Roelofs, K. (2009). Cortisol-induced enhancement of emotional face processing in social phobia depends on symptom severity and motivational context. Biological Psychology, 81, pp. 123-130.

Roelofs, K. & Peer, J.M., van & Berretty, E.W. & Jong, P.J., de & Spinhoven, P. & Elzinga, B.M. (2009). Hypothamus-Pituitary-Adrenal axis hyperresponsiveness is associated with increased social avoidance behavior in social phobia.Biological Psychiatry, 65, pp. 336-343.

Roelofs, K. & Minelli, A. & Mars, R.B. & Peer, J.M., van & Toni, I. (2009). On the neural control of social emotional behavior. Social Cognitive & Affective Neuroscience, 4, pp. 50-58.

Ly, V. & Roelofs, K. (2009). Social anxiety and cognitive expectancy of aversive outcome in avoidance conditioning. Behaviour Research and Therapy, pp. 840-847.

Bakvis, P. & Roelofs, K. & Kuyk, J. & Edelbroek, P.M. & Swinkels, W.A.M. & Spinhoven, P. (2009). Trauma, stress, and preconscious threat processing in patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures. Epilepsia, 50, pp. 1001-1011.



Peer, J.M., van & Roelofs, K. & Spinhoven, P. (2008). Cortisol administration enhances the coupling of midfrontal delta and beta oscillations. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 67, pp. 144-150.

Elzinga, B.M. & Roelofs, K. & Tollenaar, M.S. & Bakvis, P. & Pelt, J., van & Spinhoven, P. (2008). Diminished cortisol responses to psychosocial stress associated with lifetime adverse events. A study among healthy young subjects. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 33, pp. 227-237.

Moene, F. & Roelofs, K. (2008). Hypnosis in the treatment of conversion and somatization disorders. In: Nash, M.R. & Barnier, A.J. (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Hypnosis., pp. 625-645. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Part of book or chapter of book)

Lange, F.P., de & Roelofs, K. & Toni, I. (2008). Motor imagery: A window into the mechanisms and alterations of the motor system. Cortex, 44, pp. 494-506.

Reedijk, W.B. & Rijn, M.A., van & Roelofs, K. & Tuijl, J.P. & Marinus, J. & Hilten, J.J., van (2008). Psychological features of patients with complex regional pain syndrome type I related dystonia. Movement Disorders, 23, pp. 1551-1559. 

Spinhoven, P. & Roelofs, K. (2008). Trauma en onverklaarde lichamelijke klachten. Neuropsychiatrie & gedragsneurologie, 7, pp. 32-36.



Hagenaars, M. A., Van Minnen, A., & Hoogduin, K. A. L. (2007). Peritraumatic psychological and somatoform dissociation in predicting PTSD symptoms. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 195, 952-954.

Lange, F.P., de & Roelofs, K. & Toni, I. (2007). Increased self-monitoring during imagined movements in conversion paralysis. Neuropsychologia, 45, 2051-2058.

Peer, J.M., van & Roelofs, K. & Rotteveel, M. & Dijk, J.G., van & Spinhoven, P. & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2007). The effects of cortisol administration on approach-avoidance behavior: An event-related potential study. Biological Psychology, 76 (3), 135-146.

Roelofs, K. & Bakvis, P. & Hermans, E.J. & Pelt, J., van & Honk, J., van (2007). The effects of social stress and cortisol responses on the preconscious selective attention to social threat. Biological Psychiatry, 75, 1-7.

Roelofs, K. & Spinhoven, P. (2007). Trauma and medically unexplained symptoms. Towards an integration of cognitive and neuro-biological accounts. Clinical Psychology Review, 27, 798-820.


2006 and before

Bakvis, P. & Roelofs, K. (2006). Effects of social stress on the processing of threat in patients with psychogenic-pseudoepileptic attacks. Epilepsia

Roelofs, K. & Bruijn, E.R.A., de & Galen, G.P., van (2006). Hyperactive action monitoring during motor-initiation in conversion paralysis: an event-related potential study.Biological Psychology, 71, pp. 316-325.

Hagenaars, M. & Roelofs, K. & Hoogduin, C.A.L. & Minnen, A., van (2006). Motor and sensory dissociative phenomena associated with induced catalepsy: A brief communication. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 54, pp. 234-244.

Roelofs, K. (2005). A cognitive account on conversion and somatization disorder; commentary on Merskey and Mai Somatization and conversion disorders: a review. In: Maj, M., Akiskal, H.S., Mezzich, J.E., Okasha, A. (Eds.), Somatoform Disorders (WPA series Evidence and Experience in Psychiatry), 9. , pp. 44-47. Chichester, England: Wiley. (Part of book or chapter of book)

Elzinga, B.M. & Roelofs, K. (2005). Cortisol-induced impairments of working memory require acute sympathetic activation.Behavioral Neuroscience, 119, pp. 98-103.

Roelofs, K. & Elzinga, B.M. & Rotteveel, M. (2005). Erratum to “The effects of stress-induced cortisol responses on approach-avoidance behavior” [Psychoneuroendocrinology 30 (2005) 665–677]. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 30, p. 930.

Roelofs, K. & Elzinga, B.M. & Rotteveel, M. (2005). The effects of stress-induced cortisol responses on approach-avoidance behavior. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 30, pp. 665-677.

Roelofs, K. & Spinhoven, P. & Sandijck, P. & Moene, F. & Hoogduin, C.A.L. (2005). The impact of early trauma and recent life-events on symptom severity in patients with conversion disorder. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 193, pp. 508-514.

Spinhoven, P. & Roelofs, K. & Moene, F. & Kuyk, J. & Nijenhuis, E.M. & Hoogduin, C.A.L. & Dyck, R., van (2004). Trauma and dissociation in conversion disorder and chronic pelvic pain.International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 34, pp. 303-316.

Hoogduin, C.A.L. & Moene, F. & Roelofs, K. (2003). Conversiestoornis. HSK-Krant, wetenschappelijke uitgave, 4, pp. 71-92.

Roelofs, K. (2003). De conversieverlamming. Een nieuwe kijk op een controversiële stoornis. Patient Care. Het tijdschrift voor psychiater en neuroloog, 2, pp. 6-10.

Roelofs, K. (2003). De conversieverlamming: Neuropsychologische theorieën en empirische ondersteuning. , Op het grensvlak van neurology en psychiatrie, pp. 49-54. Nijmegen: PAOG, UMC St Radboud. (Part of book or chapter of book)

Roelofs, K. & Galen, G.P., van & Eling, P & Keijsers, G.P.J. & Hoogduin, C.A.L. (2003). Endogenous and exogenous spatial attention in patients with conversion paresis. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 20, pp. 733-745.

Roelofs, K. (2002). Disturbed information processing in conversion disorder. An empirical evaluation of dissociation theory. Katholieke Universiteit Nijmegen, 140pp. (Nijmegen, Drukkerij Quickprint B.V.) C.A.L., Hoogduin, G.P., Galen, G.P.J., Keijsers. (Dissertation)

Minnen, A., van & Wessel, I. & Dijkstra, T. & Roelofs, K. (2002). Changes in PTSD patiens’ narratives during prolonged exposure therapy: a replication and extension. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 15, pp. 225-258.

Roelofs, K. & Keijsers, G.P.J. & Hoogduin, C.A.L. & Näring, G.W.B. & Moene, F. (2002). Childhood abuse in patients with conversion disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 159, pp. 1908-1913.

Roelofs, K. & Näring, G.W.B. & Hoogduin, C.A.L. & Moene, F. & Sandijck, P. (2002). Dissociative symptoms and hypnotic susceptibility in conversion disorder. Preliminary results. In: Hoogduin, C.A.L., Schaap, C.P.D.R., Berk, H.A.A., de (Eds.), Issues on Hypnosis, pp. 95-102. Zeist: Cure & Care (part of book or chapter of book)

Roelofs, K. & Hoogduin, C.A.L. & Keijsers, G.P.J. & Näring, G.W.B. & Moene, F. & Sandijck, P. (2002). Hypnotic susceptibility in patients with conversion disorder. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 111, pp. 390-395.

Roelofs, K. & Hoogduin, C.A.L. & Keijsers, G.P.J. (2002). Motor imagery during hypnotic arm paralysis in high and low hypnotizable subjects. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 50 (1), pp. 51-66.

Roelofs, K. & Galen, G.P., van & Keijsers, G.P.J. & Hoogduin, C.A.L. (2002). Motor initiation and execution in patients with conversion paralysis. Acta Psychologica, 110, pp. 21-34.

Näring, G.W.B. & Roelofs, K. & Prime, W. & Mulders, D. & Hoogduin, C.A.L. (2002). The Stanford Hypnotic Susceptibility Scale, Form C: preliminary norms for Dutch students. In: Hoogduin, C.A.L., Schaap, C.P.D.R., Berk, H.A.A., de (Eds.), Issues on Hypnosis, pp. 65-69. Zeist: Cure & Care (part of book or chapter of book)

Spinhoven, P. & Elzinga, B.M. & Roelofs, K. (2002). Theoretische modellen van PTSS. In: Minnen, A., van & Verbaak, M. (Eds.), Psychologische interventies bij posttraumatische stressstoornis Zeist: Cure & Care (part of book or chapter of book).

Moene, F. & Spinhoven, P. & Hoogduin, C.A.L. & Sandyck, P. & Roelofs, K. (2001). Hypnotizability, dissociation and trauma in patients with a conversion disorder: an exploratory study. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 8, pp. 400-410.

Roelofs, K. & Näring, G.W.B. & Keijsers, G.P.J. & Hoogduin, C.A.L. & Galen, G.P., van & Maris, E. (2001). Motor imagery in conversion paralysis. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 6 (1), pp. 21-40.

Roelofs, K. & Näring, G.W.B. & Moene, F. & Hoogduin, C.A.L. (2000). The question of symptom lateralization in conversion disorder. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 49, pp. 21-25.